Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It is most frequently found in the small intestine.
The cause of Crohn’s disease is not known. It is believed to be caused by the immune system mistaking food and bacteria for foreign substances and attacking them. The disease is also believed to be hereditary, as 20% of people affected have a direct relative with Crohn’s disease or another IBD.
Most people with Crohn’s disease experience abdominal pain and frequent diarrhea. Other symptoms include bloody stools, reduced appetite and weight loss. More severe cases can also cause fever and fatigue, while some people experience no symptoms at all. Periods of remission can last for months or years.
To diagnose Crohn’s disease, your doctor will perform a medical examination and order a blood test, colonoscopy, barium enema or X-ray or CT scan.
Treatment of Crohn’s disease often includes anti-inflammatory drugs, immune system suppressors, antibiotics and over-the-counter medicine. Surgery may be recommended for patients with more severe or unresponsive symptoms. Changes in diet and regular exercise can also help alleviate symptoms.
To learn more about our treatments for Crohn’s Disease, please contact us online or call us at 856-673-3288.